American Journal of Plant Sciences Vol.4 No.8(), Article ID,7 pages DOI/ajps Chemical Compositions of Lonchocarpus. PDF | On Jan 1, , Dorcas Olufunke Moronkola and others published Chemical Compositions of Lonchocarpus cyanescens Benth. Yoruba indigo (Philenoptera cyanescens syn. Lonchocarpus cyanescens). The Yoruba indigo vine, known locally as èlú, is a large forest liana but if unable to.
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West African Plants
The acid in ulcer treatment, inhibits the enzymes that metabolize the prostaglandins, PGE 2a to their inactive metabolites. Standard methods such as N. Phytochemical analyses of the leaf ethylacetate extract yielded two triterpenoids [1 and 2] see Table 5.
Flowering takes place in May when upright spikes, cm long, of lilac-blue pea flowers are produced where the vine is in full light. When several references are lonchocarpjs, they may give conflicting information on the status. Results show seven compounds were responsible for Methanol extract 10 g was further partitioned between aqueous methanol and ethylacetate to give the ethylacetate fraction. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Preliminary phytochemical screening showed the presence of alkaloids, anthraquinones, cardiac glycosides, cyanogenetic glycosides, flavonoids, saponins, steroids and tannins in the leaves of LC.
The distribution in this summary table is based on all the cyansecens available.
In cultivation this is an advantage as it is easier to harvest. We report our studies on cyanscens and phytochemical metabolites of one of them, a Fabaceae—Lonchocarpus cyanescens leaf, stem and root. Fractions were subjected to phytochemical analysis. The effect of the extracts on spontaneous motor activity was also studied in the open field test in mice.
Similar fractions as determined by TLC were pooled together cyaneescens 10 combined fractions. Thin layer chromatographic separations were carried out on Merck precoated silica gel sheets 60 F 0. Work is ongoing on other aspects of L. There are no pictures available for this datasheet If you can supply pictures for this datasheet please contact: Dubey  were used in establishing classes of secondary metabolites present in each fraction.
More information about modern web browsers can be found at http: Their investigation revealed that linolenic and oleic acids are its dominant fatty acids with neutral lipids. Leguminosae—Papilionoideae, Fabaceae is a deciduous scan dent shrub . American Journal of Plant Sciences Vol.
Received April 5 th; revised May 6 th; accepted June 7 th Phytochemical screenings indicated extracts contain seven important classes of secondary metabolites which are saponin, tannin, steroid, terpenoid, cardiacglycoside, phlobatannins and flavonoids Table 4.
This study was designed to examine whether the aqueous and lochocarpus extracts of LC possess antipsychotic property in rats. Distribution Maps Top of page You can pan and zoom the map.
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The triterpenes act against arthritis [2,11,12,15,16]. Seven compounds in leaf made up All parts yield indigo dye but usually only leaves and shoots are collected. This species belongs to the third largest family of flowering plants, known as the legumes — Leguminosae or Fabaceae — and to a group within this family known as the pea-flowered or papilionoid legumes, Papilionaceae.
Each of the oils had distinct characteristic pleasant smell. Glass column of varying sizes depending on weight of extract and silica gel 70 – mesh were used for open column chromatography. Don’t need the entire report?
This is reported for the first time. They cyanesscens scented and are highly attractive to bees and other insects. Thus, this investigation provides evidence that may justify the ethnomedicinal applications of Lonchocarpus cyanescens as the major constituent of the recipe used for the management of psychosis in Nigeria.
The plant has alternate leaves, flat fruits which are 1 – 5 seeded, oblong pod pointed at both ends . GC-MS analyses of the seed oil showed phytol, sterols, beta-tocopherol and hydrocarbons are in the unsaponifiable matters of the oils; while HPLC showed presence of glycolipids [monogalactosyldiacylglycerol, digalactosyldiacylglycerol, digalactosylmonoacylglycerol and monogalactosylmonoacylglycerol].
A triterpene component of the plant has been cyaneescens active against arthritis [2,12,13]. Yoruba indigo contains indigotin, the same pigment as in Asian indigo Indigofera tinctoria but in smaller amounts. Distribution Table Top of page The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available.